David McCulloch, who won Pulitzer Prizes for his books on Harry Truman and John Adams, knows how to write a good life story. Says McCulloch, “I believe very strongly that the essence of writing is to know your subject…to get beneath the surface.” As you create your personal or family history book that’s advice you should take to heart.
Unfortunately it’s something we may forget when we set out to research our genealogy or create a family history. We turn into Joe Friday from the old TV series Dragnet who investigated by saying, “Just the facts, ma’am.” These days, there are a plethora of tools, beginning with ancestory.com and familysearch.org, to help us find more and more facts. Yet as we sleuth to gather the facts, we may miss clues to the stories that would make our family history memorable.
One of the great challenges of writing a family history is to recreate our ancestors’ experiences. What were people’s lives like? What did they believe and value? What did they enjoy, hate or fear? How did they love? Part of the job is learning as much as you can about these very real people.
Genealogy.com has created a tool that will help anyone trying to “recreate” the lives of family members. Biography Assistant is a list of topics, each with numerous questions attached to help you “get beneath the surface.”
The topics offer different insights: ones that illuminate your ancestor’s daily life, and ones that relate her life to broader historical events. Here are a few samples:
There are questions to help you explore the lives of ancestors both living and dead. Employing questions like these as you research your family history can bring the names and dates on the family tree to life.
If you are fortunate enough to have relatives or family friends who knew the person you are researching you can be an “oral historian” and interview them. The questions from Biography Assistant would provide a fine list to use to guide the interview.
How else can you delve deeper? You may have letters, diaries, documents, records, and family memorabilia, including photographs. These are often sources for interesting stories and insights about the person you are researching.
Even if you don’t have artifacts from the individual, research into the times in which the person lived can provide a better understanding of their experiences that you are trying to recreate.
Local and social history books, local newspapers, and the collections of local libraries, historical societies and genealogical societies are often treasure troves of information when you set out to understand what was “beneath the surface” of your ancestors’ lives.
Facts are good, but our goal is not simply to be objective, to get “just the facts’. We want a deeper understanding; we want our families to feel the importance of our family history. When you gather and reconstruct the real life stories hidden beneath the surface of your research, you will give your family history much more meaning than facts alone can convey.
Nancy Barnes is the founder and managing editor of Stories To Tell, a team of editors and book designers who help authors to prepare their books for publishing. She is also the author of Stories To Tell: An Easy Guide to Self Publishing Family History Books and Memoirs. Building on a career as an award-winning teacher, she has specialized in the “creative nonfiction” of memoir and family history. Nancy also has experience in graphic design and commercial publishing, coordinating projects with marketers, designers, and printers. Her successful career path was recently featured in Starting Your Career as a Freelance Editor by Mary Embree. Biff Barnes, an Editor at Stories To Tell, is a writer, educator, and historian. He earned his MA in History from the University of San Francisco, and was a William Robertson Coe Fellow in American History at Stanford University. He taught history and writing for 28 years. His work appears in California Publisher, California History, California Living, and American West. Biff has extensive experience with historical research, oral history, and interviewing techniques. He provides editing and coaching to fiction and nonfiction authors as they gather and prepare their stories for publication.