The Hugely Valuable Records Many Family Historians Forget About

Most genealogists use federal census records on a regular basis. Few resources are, after all, as packed full of information and as easy to access as a census.

And, while we all know that the details found in a census can often be incorrect, this helpful record collection has become a family history staple for good reason. No other resource recorded details about our ancestor’s lives in such a frequent and predictable way and, often times, the federal census may seem to be the only method we have to explore our ancestors’ lives between birth, marriage and death.

However, a recent comment by a Family History Daily reader reminded us that there is another related resource group that many people researching US ancestors are either unaware of, or regularly underuse. And it’s a very valuable one.

We’re talking about US state census records. (See our guide to state censuses by year.)

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Many of you are probably nodding your head right now because you’ve already found a good deal of information in a state census.. Others many be wondering — what the heck is a state census?

While the regularity and availability of state census records varies widely by state, this record collection could easily be the resource you need to fill in critical details about your ancestors’ lives. Most state censuses were conducted exactly between federal census years — such as the 1885, 1905 and 1915 New Jersey state census, whereas some were conducted on off years, such as California’s 1852 census. This means the details found in these records can often provide a special window into a person’s life between federal census dates — or when you cannot locate an ancestor in the federal census at all.

This record collection becomes even more valuable when we consider the lost 1890 census and the twenty year gap that loss created.

As we pointed out, the dates and availability vary widely, as does the information contained in each census. But most of us researching ancestors in the US will likely be able to locate ancestors in some, or many, states censuses.

Let’s take a look at a census record from the Minnesota 1885 census, one of eight state census collections easily available online from that year.


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While we don’t see some of the wonderful details in this census that we have come to expect from a federal census, like the occupation, there are many other tidbits to be gathered — such as residence, family relationships and parental birth information.

A look at the Nebraska State Census from 1885 on the other hand feels a little bit more like perusing a federal census, right down to the coveted occupation box – and that’s because this census (and those of several other states and territories) was requested and partially funded by the federal government

The best free place to access these records (or transcripts of records when no image is available) is on FamilySearch. You can head straight over to this page on their site which showcases all of their record collections.

You may remember that we covered this page on FamilySearch in another article about accessing millions of records that cannot be searched.

To find the state census records just type in the term “state census” in the left sidebar and further filter by including the state name or date to find what you are looking for. Once you have done this, click on a resource name to search it, or browse images if a search is not available. FamilySearch does require login for some of these records, but since a membership is always free you have nothing to lose.


Happy Hunting!

You may also like:

Thousands of 1890 Census Records DO Still Exist: Here’s How to Find Them for Free

This Guide to the U.S Census Tells You Exactly What You Can Find by Year

By: Melanie Mayo | Editor, Family History Daily

Image: Unidentified woman and child in front of porch. Library of Congress

12 thoughts on “The Hugely Valuable Records Many Family Historians Forget About”

  1. I have searched for 30 years for Charles ORielly and Jane Donagan’s Marriage so I can find their parents and children. To no avail. They were born in Ireland. Then ousted to Scotland where my grandmother,Maria ORielly was born. Maria moved to USA and married George E Page.

  2. I have been searching for Mary E O’Loughlin B 1853 to Patrick O’Loughlin and Bridget Woods in Ireland. By age 14 both parents died. She escorted to New York to be reared by an aunt. 122 Wellington street, Rochester New York where she lived with DH James Farley. They had 8 children including Viola Farley. I am searching for immigration be approx 1867.

  3. Linda Galloway Kirby

    Most of my ancestors lived in Yorkshire, Great Britain or Groningen, Netherlands. A great deal of research has been done on my ancestors following their immigration to the United States of America. Most of my husband’s ancestors lived in Denmark and Great Britain.

  4. Mary Ellen Lanigan

    I have been trying to find my great grandfather John Lanigan (born Ireland) who lived in Ottumwa, Iowa an d died before the 1880 census. He is in the 1870 though as living in Ottumwa, Iowa. His wife Mry Burns is buried at Calvary Cemetery in Ottumwa. Any help would be great~~Have been working on this for over 30 years now and am hoping to find as much info as possible for the next generations so that they won’t have to know their history.

  5. New York State Census are awesome… box for length of residency in the particular county VERY VERY helpful in tracking family movements.

  6. Kansas’ state census is on Ancestry. They got them from the Kansas State Historical Society. They cover the years 1855, 1865,1875,1885,1895,1905,1915,1925.

  7. I have looked for years for info on Ashford G Dallas with no luck at all except he married a Nancy Murry in TriggCo Kentucky they later resided in Clay Co Ill up till july 1870 then both disappeared off the face of the earth. I would love to trace them back to when they were born and who their parents were and where they came from before I die its a legacy I want to leave to my children and grandchildren my father was named Gerald Ashford Dallas I presume after the Ashford G dallas any help would be most welcome

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